What is Melasma?
Melasma is one of the most common forms of hyperpigmentation. It is categorized by dark patches on the skin, often in sun-exposed areas. Women are more affected than men, and it is most prominent during pregnancy.
Symptoms of Melasma
Melasma most commonly appears as dark symmetric patches on the forehead, cheeks, and upper lip. The patches are asymptomatic and only need to be treated if it is a cosmetic concern.
Melasma is commonly associated with the presence of excess estrogen, such as pregnancy or use of birth control pills. It can also be triggered by UV light, or even other spectrums of light or excessive heat exposure.
Diagnosis & Treatment
Generally, this condition is diagnosed clinically. It can resolve on its own after pregnancy or discontinuation of birth control pills or it may require more treatment. Lightening creams, chemical peels and laser therapy may be recommended for more severe cases. There are many mimickers for melasma, and melasma can be worsened by too aggressive treatment so it is best to be evaluated and treated by a board-certified dermatologist.
For more information on melasma and other skin discolorations or to schedule a consultation, contact Nova Dermatology today.